Minerals: Inorganic Cofactors for Healthy CellsMar 31, 2022 09:00AM ● By Keri Barron
Magnesium: Magnesium is one of the most essential cofactors and is utilized in over 300 metabolic reactions including protein synthesis, cellular signaling, blood pressure regulation and muscle contraction. Magnesium is also important in blood glucose regulation and is required for DNA and RNA synthesis and energy production.
Minerals for bone health: Calcium and phosphorus are vital to bone health. Calcium is also involved in transmission of nerve impulses, muscle contraction, blood clotting, wound healing and cellular signaling. Phosphorus plays an important role in energy metabolism and intracellular signaling and is an integral component of membrane phospholipids, DNA and RNA.
Minerals for fluid balance: Potassium, sodium and chloride work together to maintain fluid balance within the body. High consumption of sodium may induce water retention and will eventually cause changes in arteries. High intake of potassium can counteract these effects at the cellular and tissue level.
Minerals for antioxidant defense: Zinc, copper and manganese are components of superoxide dismutase enzymes, which neutralize free radicals. Zinc is also required by more than 300 enzymes and binds to over 2,500 proteins—approximately 10 percent of all human proteins. Functions of zinc include regulation of bone homeostasis, blood pressure regulation, DNA repair and supporting multiple facets of reproduction.
Other minerals: While required in very small amounts, trace minerals serve important functions. Iron is required for the oxygen-carriers hemoglobin and myoglobin and functions in cellular respiration, synthesis of neurotransmitters and nutritional immunity. Iodine supports the thyroid gland, and chronically low intake can lead to development of goiter. Selenium enhances the immune response, contributes to oxidative balance and the regulation of thyroid hormones. Finally, chromium may play a role in regulating carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
Standard Process is a Wisconsin-based, family-owned, whole food-based nutritional supplement company that partners with health care practitioners to address issues related to health condi... Read More »